U.S.- Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E)

U.S.- Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E)

University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar

Catalog of Courses: TSE Programs – USPCASE (UET) Peshawar

M.Sc. in Thermal Systems Engineering (TSE)

This specialized energy program will specifically work on how to improve the efficiencies of existing power plants and in helping the integration of various energy sources into and rehabilitation of the present transmission and distribution system. Efficient use of thermal energy is an increasingly popular area of interest for engineers and technologists. The objective of the Thermal Energy System Engineering (TSE) is to provide students with set of courses that will improve their capacity to analyze and design innovative thermal energy systems. These systems include, but are not limited to, energy conversion systems and their fuels, refrigeration, combustion, and solar energy.

M.Sc. TSE program offers opportunities to the graduates of academia and industry in local and international markets. Pakistan is working to not only introducing new coal fired power plants into the systems but also introducing of conversion of heat engines to combine cycle, which enhance thermal efficiency significantly high. Apart from this concept of Co-Gen should be explored so that excess heat should be utilized in thermal process, which ensures the effectiveness as high as 90%. The incessant exhaustion of fossil fuel reserves and the environmental issues associated with the utilization of these energy resources necessitate the development, not only of new conversion technologies, but also new, non-fossil fuels. These may e.g. be derived from biomass, waste, from by-products of different industrial processes or from atmospheric sources, such as the sun, the wind and the oceans.

The ability to design new, innovative energy technologies and systems will be decisive in the future, where competitiveness both in terms of efficiency and environmental issues will be fierce in order to meet market and society requirements. The MS specialization in Thermal Systems Engineering (TSE) is primarily focused on thermal energy technologies and systems, and it covers advanced aspects of energy system modelling, heat- and mass transfer, control engineering and experimental work with focus on different components and energy system aspects. The themes for the three semesters are particularly focused on Thermal Energy and Process Engineering and in-depth understanding of the technologies and scientific disciplines involved in energy conversion, utilization and transport. The education is multidisciplinary and covers the integration of general engineering disciplines, such as thermal systems, fluid- and aerodynamics.

Program objectives:

  • General understanding of the design, modeling and optimization of energy systems used in various energy production applications
  • Understanding the detailed operation, functionality and interaction between the various components of key thermal energy conversion technologies
  • Fundamentals and applied knowledge of building energy systems, HVAC & R technologies
  • Understanding solid-state and other novel thermal energy conversion approaches, including those used for waste heat utilization
  • Understanding combustion processes for optimum efficiency and minimum emissions
  • Detailed insight into system integration with respect to both system efficiency and control engineering aspects of energy systems
  • Developing, constructing and operating thermal energy conversion technologies in the laboratory and in real applications, Insight into the topics related to the practical realization and implementation of thermal energy technologies and systems concerning both innovative aspects, business planning and economic considerations.

Focused Areas:

Thermodynamics, Thermo-Fluid, Power Plants, HVAC & R, Energy Efficiency, Enhanced Heat Transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Micro/NanoFludics

Criteria and Requirements

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Sc. in Mechanical Engineering
  • Sc. in Chemical Engineering
  • Sc./BS in mining Engineering
  • Sc./BS in Industrial Engineering.

Degree Requirement: MS Program would comprise of 32 Credit Hours in both Core and Elective Courses, as well as the thesis, as follows:

  • Core Courses: 12 credits
  • Elective Courses: 14 credits
  • Thesis: 6 credits

Seat Allocation:

Seat allocation (per semester) for Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Thermal Systems Engineering: 25 seats with 50% allocation for female candidates as per requirement of USAID. Female candidates must fulfill the university criteria for admission in M.Sc. Program.

Core Courses

12 Core Course credits required by all students enrolled in the Program.

Course Codes

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 501

Advanced Thermodynamics

3

CAS-TSE 502

Thermal Power Plants Design and Operation

3

CAS-TSE 503

Fuels and Combustion

3

CAS-TSE 508

Energy Engineering Economics and Policy

3

CAS-EP 509

Research Methodology

2

CAS-TSE 514

Thesis Project

6

Elective Course Options.

Elective Courses: 14 credits

14 Credit Hours required. Students to select Thesis: 6 credits.

Course Codes

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 504

Advanced Fluid Dynamics

3

CAS-TSE 505

Clean Coal Technologies

3

CAS-TSE 506

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Thermal Energy systems

3

CAS-TSE 507

Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology

3

CAS-TSE 509

Rotodynamic machinery

3

CAS-TSE 510

Advance Heat Transfer

3

CAS-TSE 511

Advanced topics in Thermal Energy

3

CAS-TSE 512

Themal Desalination Systems

3

CAS-REE 509

Solar Thermal Energy

3

CAS-REE -511

Biomass Technologies

3

CAS-REE 512

Geothermal Engineering

3

CAS-REE 529

Environment Impact assessment for Energy Systems

3

Catalog Course Descriptions:

M.Sc. in Thermal System Engineering (TSE)

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 501

Advanced Thermodynamics

3

Review of first and second law of thermodynamics, Maxwell equations, Joule-Thompson experiment, irreversibility and availability, exergy analysis, phase transition, types of equilibrium and stability, multi-component and multi-phase systems, equations of state, chemical thermodynamics, combustion. Third law of thermodynamics, Kinetic theory of gases- introduction, basic assumption, molecular flux, equation of state for an ideal gas, collisions with a moving wall, principle of equipartition of energy, classical theory of specific heat capacity. Pinch technology.

Objectives and Outcomes

The course aims to the advanced topics of thermodynamic principles in energy conversion systems. Emphasis is given on the Availability (Exergue) Analysis and its contribution to the evaluation and optimization of thermodynamic processes in renewable energy systems.

Recommended Text:

1. Adrian Bejan (2016) Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, Wiley, ISBN-13: 978-1119052098

2. D. Winterbone,Ali Turan (2015) Advanced Thermodynamics for Engineers, 2nd Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN-13: 978-0444633736

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 502

Thermal Power Plants Design and Operation

3

The advanced Thermal Power Plants that are currently on the market or are under development, and design and to evaluation of system performance. The study will focus on natural gas combined cycle, alternatively-fueled combined cycle (i.e., coal or biomass in integrated gasification combined cycle), supercritical Rankine cycle, biomass combustion systems, internal combustion engines, and fuel cells. Also CHP systems, Solar thermal power plants and Geothermal power plants will be briefly discussed.

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of this course is to introduce students to the basic principles, technology and latest advances of energy conversion systems.

Recommended Text:

1. Xingrang Liu, Ramesh Bansal (2016) Thermal Power Plants: Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement, First Edition, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1498708227.

2. De Souza, Gilberto Francisco Martha (2012) Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis, Springer; 2012, ISBN-13: 978-1447123088.

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 503

Fuels and Combustion

3

Fuels and types, combustion process, combustion mechanism, adiabatic flame temperature, flame propagation, stability, kinetics, combustion aerodynamics, gaseous detonations, flame ignition and extinction and condensed phase combustion. Solid burning equipment, stokers, pulverized coal burning systems, cyclone combustors, emissions, types of fluidized beds, fluidized bed combustion, fundamentals bubbling bed, gas and liquid burners types, gas turbine combustion systems, combustion modeling. Design of combustion systems for boilers, furnaces, gas turbines and IC engines, combustion chamber performance. Propellants Types, theory of combustion, energy balance calculations.

Objectives and Outcomes

This module will provide students with an opportunity to develop their understanding of fuels and combustion technologies. It will discuss the fundamentals of fuels and combustion technologies, and provide context into the necessity for sustainable development of conventional fuel use, and options for alternative fuels and technologies to augment and replace these. Comparisons will be made between conventional fuels and novel / emergent fuels. Similarly conventional and novel combustion methods will be discussed.

Recommended Text:

1. Kenneth W. Ragland, Kenneth M. Bryden (2011) Combustion Engineering, Second Edition, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1420092509.

2. Irvin Glassman, Richard A. Yetter, Nick G. Glumac (2014) Combustion, Fifth Edition, Academic Press, ISBN-13: 978-0124079137

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 504

Advanced Fluid Dynamics

3

This course will cover principles of fluid dynamics: Tensors, model testing, description of flow fields, laws for mass, momentum and energy. Inviscid flow: Euler and Bernoulli equations, potential flow. Viscous flow: Navier-Stokes equations, boundary layers, turbulence. Element of Stability Theory. Turbulent Flows. Compressible Flows and Introduction to CFD.

Objectives and Outcomes

The student will learn about the advanced topics in fluid dynamics. Also giving students a perspective on the most important forms of renewable energy in our society today. The students will learn about data acquisition and analysis. These skills are required of engineers working with the technology of today and into the future. The course will help students understand the costs, difficulties and possibilities afforded by sensor systems and instrumentation, with applications for, but not limited to, fluid dynamics.

Recommended Text:

1. William Graebel (2007) Advanced Fluid Mechanics, First Edition, Academic Press,

ISBN-13: 978-0123708854

2. K. Muralidhar (2005)Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics, Second Edition, Alpha Science International, Ltd, ISBN-13: 978-1842651346

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 505

Clean Coal Technologies

3

Direct coal liquefaction. Indirect coal liquefaction (FT). Hybrid approach to synthesize liquid fuels. Clean coal gasification process description. Integrated gasification combine cycle (IGCC).Under ground coal gasification (UCG). Carbon capture techniques.

Objectives and Outcomes

Clean Coal Technologies is focused on developing and demonstrating advanced power generation and carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies for existing facilities and new fossil-fueled power plants by increasing overall system efficiencies and reducing capital costs.

Recommended Text:

1. Bruce G. Miller (2016) Clean Coal Engineering Technology, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann,

ISBN-13: 978-0128113653

2. P. Jayarama Reddy (2013) Clean Coal Technologies for Power Generation, First Edition, CRC Press,

ISBN-13: 978-1138000209

Detail elective Course Options.

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 506

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Thermal Energy systems.

3

This course will focus on obtaining the knowledge of the computational fluid dynamic for power plants. It provides an overview of fundamental mathematical governing for fluid flow and heat transfer and Navier-Stokes equation. The course will develop the concept of turbulence and its characteristics in random fluctuation flows. The course will cover the finite volume method for steady flow and discretization schemes. The course will enlighten the concept of boundary condition and errors in modeling and simulation. The course deliberates the mesh generation strategies, modeling capabilities and CFD post processing.

Objectives and Outcomes

The course aims first at introducing the concepts of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) technology and then provide practical training of the students in using commercial CFD packages for producing industrial simulations of real applications in the Renewable Energy area.

Recommended Text:

1. H. Versteeg, W. Malalasekera ()An I2007ntroduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Finite Volume Method, Second Edition, Pearson, ISBN-13: 978-0131274983

2. Jiyuan Tu, Guan Heng Yeoh, Chaoqun Liu (2012) Computational Fluid Dynamics, Second Edition: A Practical Approach, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN-13: 978-0080982434.

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 507

Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology

3

This course will cover from fundamentals to system applications of current fuel cell technologies. Following major types of fuel cells will be discussed: polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), direct methanol Fuel Cells (DMFC), Alkaline Fuel Cells (AFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The emphasis will be the performance behavior, analysis, and modeling. Subsequently, the balance of the fuel cell power plant, thermal system design and analysis will be discussed that affect the power generation. Finally, the components needed, issues related, and pertinent analysis will be covered to delivering electric power generated from the fuel cell.

Objectives and Outcomes

The specialization in Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Technology covers advanced aspects, including energy system modeling, heat and mass transfer, control engineering, and experimental work. The specialization also involves different hydrogen and fuel cell related components and energy system aspects.

Recommended Text:

1. Ryan O'Hayre, Suk-Won Cha, Whitney Colella, Fritz B. Prinz (2016) Fuel Cell Fundamentals, Third Edition, Wiley, ISBN-13: 978-1119113805.

2. Rebecca L. Busby (2005) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: A Comprehensive Guide, PennWell Corp.; American ed. Edition, ISBN-13: 978-1593700430

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 508

Energy Engineering Economics and Policy.

3

Project Cycle, Features of energy projects, project identification and development, cost concepts and financial calculations, economic evaluation of energy projects, financial evaluation of projects, environmental considerations in project evaluation, financing energy projects, risk analysis, life cycle analysis, economic analysis of public utilities, development and evaluation of CDM projects, case studies.

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of this course is to introduce students to the basics of economics and cost analysis related to engineering, so as to take economically sound decisions. Students will be able to perform economic evaluation and develop cost models for integration with design and operational problem solving.

Recommended Text:

1. Peter Zweifel, Aaron Praktiknjo, Georg Erdmann (2017) Energy Economics: Theory and Applications First Edition, Springer, ISBN-13: 978-3662530207.

2. Betty Simkins, Russell Simkins (2013) Energy Finance and Economics: Analysis and Valuation, Risk Management, and the Future of Energy, First Edition, Wiley, ISBN-13: 978-1118017128

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

   

CAS-TSE 509

Rotodynamic -machinery

3

   

Different aspects of the rotodynamic machines will be discussed. 2D and 3D steady flow phenomena in the machine components. Major rotodynamic machinery blade design philosophies. Appropriate materials for rotodynamic machinery applications and cooling techniques. Operational aspects of thermal rotodynamic machines. Technically today’s and tomorrow’s challenges related to thermal rotodynamic machines.

Objectives and Outcomes

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to perform calculations for complex systems including machines selection, blades design (more advanced) and determination of fluid dynamic forces.

Recommended Text

1. Dara Childs (1993) Turbomachinery Rotordynamics: Phenomena, Modeling, and Analysis, First Edition, Wiley-Interscience, ISBN-13: 978-0471538400

2. John M. Vance (1988) Rotordynamics of Turbomachinery, First Edition, Wiley-Interscience,

ISBN-13: 978-0471802587

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 510

Advanced Heat Transfer

3

Conduction: one dimensional and two dimensional, steady state conduction. One dimensional and two dimensional transient conduction.

Convection: Convection boundary layers. Laminar and turbulent flow. External flow. Internal flow. Free convection. Boiling and condensation. Pool boiling, forced convection boiling. Laminar and turbulent film condensation.

Heat Exchangers: Heat exchangers types, log mean temperature. The Effectiveness - NTU Method.

Radiation: Radiation intensity, emission, irradiation, radiosity. Surface absorption, reflection and transmission. Kirchaws law. Radiation exchange between surfaces. Diffusion Mass Transfer (5%) Fick´s law of diffusion. Conservation of species. Evaporation. Numerical methods in heat transfer.

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of this course is to help students becoming familiar with advanced concepts in heat transfer, including conservation laws, conduction, laminar and turbulent convection, phase change and radiation.

Recommended Text:

Amir Faghri, Yuwen Zhang, John Howell (2010)Advanced Heat and Mass Transfer Hardcover, Global Digital Press, ISBN-13: 978-0984276004

Pradip Majumdar (2015)Computational Methods for Heat and Mass Transfer (Series in Computational and Physical Processes in Mechanics and Thermal Sciences), CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1560329947.

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE - 512

Thermal Desalination Systems

3

Seawater composition. The need for water desalination. Classification of desalination processes. Single effect evaporation. Thermal vapor compression systems. Multiple effect evaporation. Multistage flash distillation, once through MSF, Brine mixing and recirculation MSF. Reverse osmosis. Desalination using renewable energy sources. Economic analysis of desalination processes, Solar Thermal Desalinations Systems

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of this course is to help students becoming familiar with advanced concepts in thermal desalination sto master different desalination processes and systems design. The students will have an exposure to problem solving including desalination economics

including laminar and turbulent convection, phase change and radiation.

Recommended Text:

1. El-Desouky H. T. and Ettouney H. M. (2011) Fundamentals of Salt Water Desalination. Elsevier Science,

ISBN-13: 978-0444543424

 

2. Vassilis Belessiotis, Soteris Kalogirou, Emmy Delyannis (2016)Thermal Solar Desalination: Methods and Systems, First Edition, Academic Press, ISBN-13: 978-0128096567

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 511

Advanced Topic in Thermal Energy

3

As approved

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-REE 509

Solar Thermal Energy

3

The Solar Resource, Solar Radiation Data Bases, Analytical Models of Solar Irradiance, Collecting Solar Energy, Solar Energy System Design, The Solar Energy Conversion System, Economic and Environmental Considerations, Thermal collector capture and loss mechanisms, Models of collector performance, Flat-plate collectors, Parabolic troughs, Parabolic dish and central receivers, Photovoltaic collectors, Evacuated tube collectors, Solar ponds, Concentrator Optics, Ray Trace Diagrams, Mirrors, Lenses, Reflection and Antireflection Coatings, Fresnel Lens Optics, Receiver Design, Central Receiver Systems, System Description, System Thermal Performance, Energy Losses, Energy Storage, Sensible Heat Storage, Solar Considerations, Rankine Power Cycles, Stirling Cycle Engines, Brayton Cycle Engines, Solar Combined with Fossil Fuel Power Cycles.

Objectives and Outcomes

The aim of this course is to introduce students to modern technology for producing energy from the solar thermal and photonic activity.

Recommended Text:

1. Advance Solar thermal Engineering by Duffie & Beckmann

2. Soteris A. Kalogirou (2013) Solar Energy Engineering, Second Edition: Processes and Systems, Second Edition, Academic Press, ISBN-13: 978-0123972

3. Olindo Isabella, Klaus Jäger, Arno Smets, René van Swaaij, Miro Zeman (2016) Solar Energy: The Physics and Engineering of Photovoltaic Conversion, Technologies and Systems, UIT Cambridge Ltd.,

ISBN-13: 978-1906860325

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-REE 511

Biomass Technologies

3

Biomass Resources and Energy Crops, Chemical and physical properties of biomass, Characteristics of biomass as a fuel, Comparison to conventional fuels (coal, oil, natural gas), Energy crops for bio-energy production, Pre-processing of biomass fuel for pyrolysis/ gasification, Principles of thermo-chemical conversion processes, Pyrolysis, Gasification, Combustion, Co-firing, Energy conversion systems and CHP, Gasification Technologies, Design and Manufacturing of gasifiers, Design Challenges, Batch reactors, Continuous reactors, Multi-stage gasification, Catalytic gasification, Gasification Catalysts, steam gasification, Characterization of fresh and spent catalysts, synthesis gas (producer gas) and its characterization, Process parameters influencing syngas composition, process optimization, state of the gasification technology, downstream processes and challenges

Objectives and Outcomes

This course will provide a thorough understanding of basic principles and system constructions of biomass energy

conversion technology and utilization. Design projects under conditions of specific biomass resources in Pakistan will be offeredto students so as to raise solvable plans with synthetic consideration of basic principles and policy support in team work form.

Recommended Text:

1. Sergio C. Capareda (2014) Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversion, First Edition, CRC Press,

ISBN-13: 978-1466513334

2. Prabir Basu (2010) Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis: Practical Design and Theory, First Edition, Academic Press, ISBN-13: 978-0123749888

 

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-REE 512

Geothermal Engineering

3

The course topics include geothermal power generation systems. Geothermal based heating and cooling of buildings. Geothermal exploration techniques and methods. Modeling and simulation of geothermal systems. Overall the broad objective of this course is to introduce the energy graduates with the geothermal energy systems and how they can use geothermal energy for the power generation, building applications, and other energy related applications. And graduates will be able to display advanced understanding of relevant scientific theories, ideas, methodologies and the newest technologies in geothermal energy, Enhanced geothermal recovery.

Objectives and Outcomes

The aim of this course is to introduce students to modern technology that takes advantage of the Earth’s interior activity in order to produce energy.

Recommended Text:

1. William E. Glassley (2014) Geothermal Energy: Renewable Energy and the Environment, Second Edition, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1482221749

2. Ronald DiPippo (2015) Geothermal Power Plants: Principles, Applications, Case Studies and Environmental Impact, Fourth Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN-13: 978-0081008799

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-REE 818

Environment Impact assessment for Energy Systems

3

Understand the basic concepts, methodological approaches, and technological components of an Environmental Impact Assessment, Identify all applicable international Norms, National Codes and Standards concerning the environment and energy systems, Exhibit knowledge and understanding of the way that an EIA is conducted within the framework of the energy sector in Pakistan & southeast Asia

Objectives and Outcomes

The wind/coal multi-energy integration system achieves the optimal overall utilization of wind energy and coal resources by complementarily integrating renewable energy and conventional energy, which reveals good economic, social and environmental efficiencies. Environmental impacts of the multi-energy integration system often show coupling properties, hence, it is a new research field for evaluating the environmental impact of the multi-energy integration system.

Recommended Text:

1. Charles H. Eccleston (2011) Environmental Impact Assessment: A Guide to Best Professional Practices, First Edition, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1439828731

2. Richard K. Morgan (1998) Environmental Impact Assessment: A Methodological Approach, Springer,

ISBN-13: 978-0412730009

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-EP 509

Research Methodology

2

Define research; research terms; research process and the principle activities, skills and ethics associated with the research process, relationship between theory and research, major quantitative and qualitative research methods, importance of research ethics and integrate research ethics into the research process, assess and critique a published journal article that uses one of the primary research methods in the field; construct an effective questionnaire that employs several types of survey questions.

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of this course is to help students becoming familiar with research process and the principle activities.

Recommended Text:

1. Robert K. Yin (2015) Qualitative Research from Start to Finish, Second Edition, The Guilford Press,

ISBN-13: 978-1462517978

2. Paul D Berger, Robert E. Maurer (2001)Experimental Design with Applications in Management, Engineering and the Sciences, Duxbury Press, ISBN-13: 978-0534358228

 

Course Code

Title

Credit Hours

CAS-TSE 514

Thesis Project

6

As approved synopsis

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